Which schooling systems use resources more efficiently to produce better student learning outcomes? We will use data from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study and use stochastic frontier estimation techniques to estimate cross-country differences in the efficiency of educational production. Access to micro-data allows us to control for the non-random sorting of students across schools, and we are able to investigate the influence of school resources as well as teacher characteristics on student achievement. Further, we will incorporate an analysis of how organizational features of school systems are related to their relative efficiency.
De Witte, K., Groot, W. and Maassen van den Brink, H. (2010). The efficiency of education in generating literacy: a stochastic frontier approach. TIER Working Paper Series 10/17.