In line with the Lisbon Agenda, set by the European Council in the year 2000, European governments formulated ambitious plans to half the level of early school leavers by 2012. This paper outlines the dropout prevention measures in the Netherlands and analyzes their effect at both the individual level and school level. Using a panel probit model, we find little in.uence of policy at the individual level. By means of quantile
regressions, we observe that schools with a relatively high dropout rate benefit the most from dropout prevention measures.