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Does residential mobility improve educational outcomes? Evidence from the Netherlands

Haelermans, Carla and De Witte, Kristof

 

Abstract
This paper explores the impact of residential mobility on educational outcomes. By considering a large Dutch city with substantial internal residential mobility, we examine how residential mobility influences the decision of students to drop out of school. The paper exploits a rich administrative dataset with extensive information on educational, individual, housing and moving characteristics of students. It combines a matching design with a multivariate regression analysis, such that the evaluation draws on a well-comparable control group for the treated students. Accounting for individual, educational and housing characteristics, as well as for school and neighborhood fixed effects, we observe that residential mobility decreases the probability of school dropout in the first few years after moving. The estimated effect changes, however, to a higher risk of early school leaving after an initial period.
JEL-Classification – I21, I24, C21.
Key words – Residential Mobility; Secondary Education; School Dropout; Matching Analysis.

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