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Ruijs, N. Special needs students in regular education: Do they affect their classmates?

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Special needs students in regular education: Do they affect their classmates?

Abstract
The impact on regular students is a prominent concern in the inclusive
education debate. Recent studies find that the presence of students with special
educational needs harms the achievement of regular students. This study
investigates inclusive practices in Dutch primary and secondary education,
where regular schools get substantial financial compensation for educating
students with special educational needs. Using student fixed effects, school
fixed effects and neighborhood variation, I consistently cannot reject that
there are no effects of inclusive education, although the coefficients are precisely
estimated.
Keywords: education economics; inclusive education; special needs; peers;
achievement
JEL classification: I21; I22; I28

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